Modern History of the Republic of the Marshall Islands  1914 - 1952

  Watch this 27-minute video of 
the Battle for Kwajalein - 1944  

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 The Battle for Wotje Atoll - 1944 

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 The people of Bikini Atoll being forced to evacuate their homeland in 1946 in 
preparation for the first series of nuclear tests called "
Operation Crossroads"

This short video has SPECTACULAR color images 
  of "
Operation Crossroads" at Bikini Atoll in 1946  

             Watch this 42-minute video about          
"
Operation  Crossroads"
at Bikini Atoll in 1946.

1914-1919    The Marshall Islands were occupied by the Japanese during WW I.

 
1939-1945    The Marshall islands were captured by US forces during WW II.
 
1940s-1950s    The US conducted 67 above ground nuclear and thermonuclear tests in the Marshall Islands.
 
1942   Feb 1, Planes of the U.S. Pacific fleet attacked Japanese bases in the Marshall and Gilbert Islands.

 

1943   Dec 8, U.S. carriers sank two cruisers and down 72 planes in the Marshall Islands, Allied invasion of the Marshalls begins and occupation results
 
1944    Jan 31, During World War II, U.S. forces under Vice Adm. Spruance began invading Kwajalein Atoll and other parts of the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.

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Battle of Kwajalein - 1944

Bob Hope entertaining troops in The Marshall Islands, 1944

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Battle of Kwajalein, 1944.  American

     soldiers with a Japanese P.O.W. 

Japanese bunker, Wotje Atoll, 1990

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1944    Feb 17, U.S forces landed on Eniwetok atoll in the South Pacific Marshall Islands. Battle of Eniwetok Atoll began. US victory on Feb 22.
 
1944    Feb 20, US took Eniwetok Island.
 
1944    Oct 28, The first B-29 Superfortress bomber mission flew from the airfields in the Mariana Islands in a strike against the Japanese base at Truk.
   
1945-1986 At the end of World War II control of the Marshall Islands was granted to the U.S.A. and it remained in control as part of a unique UN Strategic Trust Agreement.  Article 6 required the U.S. to "Protect the health of the inhabitants" . . . And to "Protect the inhabitants against the loss of their lands and resources." 
Go here for the original United Nations Strategic Trust Agreement of 1947:     https://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/21%20(1947)

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Commodore Ben Wyatt [C] arriving at Bikini in early 1946 to tell Iroij Juda [L] that after living on Bikini for 2,000 years they must immediately move for the series of A-tests called "Operation Crossroads"

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The people of Bikini departing for their so-called "temporary" abandonment of their ancient homeland in 1946, giving new meaning to the word "temporary" since they are still without their traditional home.

     "Operation Sandstone" - 1948 - Enewetak Atoll        
                                These four videos document the series of                                  
                              atomic bomb tests at Enewetak Atoll in 1948                              

 The following six videos depict the history of the world's first fusion [vs.         
 
fission] detonation of a thermonuclear device 750 times the size of the "tiny"   Hiroshima
 fission A-bomb at Enewetak Atoll in 1952                                             

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This 88-ton building was essentially a gigantic refrig- erator to keep the liquid H-bomb fuel, lithium-deuteride cooled below air temperature of 85 degrees F.  This was the first successful explosion of a hydrogen "device" insofar as it could not be used as a weapon. Note the men in the fore- ground to provide scale of this unit on Elugelab, Enewetak, November 1, 1952.  The vertical "sausage" [L] contained the liquid lithium-deuterium fuel.

Ivy-"Mike" [short for Micronesia, btw] was equivalent to 750 Hiroshima atomic [fission] bombs, and was history's first hydrogen [fusion] bomb.  The trick now was to miniaturize an H-bomb that could be deliv- erable in an airplane. 
 Click here for more on the "History of Nuclear Testing" and to learn about 'Bravo."