Early History of the Republic of the  Marshall Islands  1494-1914

A Brief Summarized History

[From Wikipedia]*


Evidence suggests that around 3,000 years ago successive waves of human migrants from Southeast Asia spread across the Western Pacific populating its many small islands. The Marshall Islands were settled by Micronesians in the 2nd millennium BC. Little is known of the islands' early history. Early settlers traveled between the islands by canoe using traditional stick charts.[1]

The Spanish explorer Alonso de Salazar landed there in 1529. They were named by Krusenstern, after English explorer John Marshall, who visited them together with Thomas Gilbert in 1788, en route from Botany Bay to Canton (two ships of the First Fleet). The Marshall Islands were claimed by Spain in 1874.

Go here:     https://www.revolvy.com/page/Alonso-de-Salazar

Following papal mediation and German compensation of $4.5 million, Spain recognized Germany's claim in 1885, which established a protectorate and set up trading stations on the islands of Jaluit and Ebon to carry out the flourishing copra (dried coconut meat) trade. Marshallese Iroij (high chiefs) continued to rule under indirect colonial German administration.

1494 - All of Micronesia is ceded to Spain

1529 - Spaniard Alonso de Salazar discovers Taongi Atoll in the northern Marshalls.

1788 - British Naval Captain William Marshall sails through the area while transporting convicts and names it.

1857 - Reverend Hiram Bingham, Jr. of the American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions creates a missionary outpost on Ebon.


1860s - Adolph Capelle builds the first trading company in the Marshalls. Other German trading firms come


1878 - Germans establish a calling station




















1886 - Germany establishes a protectorate over the Marshalls

Note:  Please go and check out the famous "Kramer Collection" of archival photographs:  http://www.mistories.org/kramer-3.php


1898 - Germany receives ownership of Ujelang and Enewetok atolls as a result of the Spanish American war

1914 - The Marshalls are captured from Germany by the Japanese

Descending from a long line of Congregationalist missionaries, Hiram Bingham Jr. [L] sailed the ship

"Morning Star" [R] throughout the Pacific & Micronesia between 1857-68 spreading the Christian Gospel.  Go here:  https://www.trussel.com/kir/mornstar.htm       And here:   https://www.trussel.com/kir/starseq.htm     And go here for the complete book "Morning Star":  https://www.loc.gov/resource/dcmsiabooks.storyofmorningst00bing_1/?st=gallery     This man on this ship introduced Christianity to the people of the Marshall Islands in 1857.

This website is designed to give voice to the people of the Republic of the Marshall Islands [RMI] who have firsthand knowledge - in their bodies and DNA, in their memories and permanently in their atolls - of thermonuclear weapons and their destruction, having been at the receiving end of the United States' "foreign policy."

AtomicAtolls.org's primary mission is to provide a repository of the unfiltered history of the relationship between the U.S. and RMI through an archive of audio interviews [in both Marshallese and English*] on SoundCloud (previously unavailable to the public) and photographs of downwind Marshall Islanders who were caught in the radioactive fallout from the 67 atomic & hydrogen thermonuclear bombs detonated at Bikini and Enewetak Atolls between 1946-58.


In addition to these rare and powerful interviews conducted between 1981 and 2002 [by Glenn Alcalay & Kai Erikson], numerous unclassified U.S. government documents, U.N. testimonies, NGO reports, and other educational materials regarding nuclear testing issues in the Marshall Islands will also be made available to the public.  Lastly, a large archive of videos and documentary films about the Nuclear Age, from the Manhattan Project to Weapons in Space will be made available.

Our website is dedicated to aolep dri-Majol, people of the Marshall Islands - especially the youth - and all of the glorious people who reside on our dear Mother Earth.  If there is a theme or a meme that truly captures the character and the spirit of this website, it is this:  America nuked the Gentle People.

Glenn Alcalay

Peace Corps Volunteer, Utrok Atoll 1975-1977

Jeramman wot!

* Please subscribe to the legendary Marshall Islands Journal

   Go here to subscribe:    https://marshallislandsjournal.com/

Glenn Alcalay & Andrew Fuchs


© 2015-2021

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